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BRITISH RULERS IN INDIA - Lord Chelmsford (1916 – 1921) : Lord Hardinge (1910 – 1916):Lord Minto (1905 – 1910)

Lord Minto (1905 – 1910):
  • There was great political unrest in India. Various acts were passed to curb the revolutionary activities. Extremists like Lala Laipat Rai and Ajit Singh (in May, 1907) and Bal Gangadhar Tilak (in July, 1908) were sent to Mandalay jail in Burma.
  • The Indian Council Act of 1909 or the Morley – Minto Reforms was passed.
Lord Hardinge (1910 – 1916):
  • Held a durbar in dec, 1911 to celebrate the coronation of King George V.
  • Partition of Bengal was cancelled (1911), capital shifted from Calcutta to Delhi (1911).
  • A bomb was thrown at him; but he escaped unhurt (Dec 23, 1912).
  • Gandhiji came back to India from S.Africa (1915).
  • Annie Besant announced the Home Rule Movement.
Lord Chelmsford (1916 – 1921):

  • August Declaration of 1917, whereby control over the Indian government would be gradually transferred to the Indian people.
  • The government of India Act in 1919 (Montague – Chelmsford reforms) was passed.
  • Rowlatt Act of 1919; Jallianwala Bagh Massacre (April 13, 1919).
  • Non – Cooperation Movement.
  • An Indian Sir S.P.Sinha was appointed the Governor of Bengal.
  • A Women’s university was founded at Poona in 1916.
  • Saddler Commission was appointed in 1917 to envisage new educational policy.
BRITISH RULERS IN INDIA -

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