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BRITISH RULERS IN INDIA - Lord Mayo (1869 – 1872):Lord Northbrook (1872 – 1876): Lord Lytton (1876 – 1880): Lord Ripon (1880 – 1884)

Lord Mayo (1869 – 1872):
  • Started the process of financial decentralization in India.
  • Established the Rajkot college at Kathiarwar and Mayo College at Ajmer for the Indian princes.
  • For the first time in Indian history, a census was held in 1871.
  • Organised the Statistical Survey of India.
  • Was the only Viceroy to be murdered in office by a Pathan convict in the Andamans in 1872.
Lord Northbrook (1872 – 1876):
Lord Lytton (1876 – 1880):
  • Known as the Viceroy to reverse characters.
  • Organised the Grand ‘Delhi Durbar’ in 1877 to decorate Queen Victoria with the title of ‘Kaiser – I – Hind’.
  • Arms Act(1878) made it mandatory for Indians to acquire license for arms.
  • Passed the infamous Vernacular Press Act (1878).
Lord Ripon (1880 – 1884):
  • Liberal person, who sympathized with Indians.
  • Repeated the Vernacular Press Act (1882)
  • Passed the local self – government Act (1882)
  • Took steps to improve primary & secondary education (on William Hunter Commission’s recommendations).
  • The I Factory Act, 1881, aimed at prohibiting child labour.
  • Passed the libert Bill (1883) which enabled Indian district magistrates to try European criminals. But this was withdrawn later.
Lord Dufferin (1884 – 1888):
  • Indian National Congress was formed during his tenure.

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